Posted by : Ham JavaNet Sabtu, 16 Maret 2013

MS-DOS adalah singkatan dari Microsoft Disk Operating System, yaitu Sistem Operasi berbasis baris-perintah (command-line) yang digunakan pada PC. Seperti sistem operasi lain contohnya OS/2, ia menterjemahkan input dari keyboard menjadi pekerjaan yang dapat dilakukan oleh komputer, ia juga dapat menangani pekerjaan seperti input dan output pada disket atau harddisk, dukungan video, kontrol keyboard , dan banyak lagi fungsi-fungsi internal lainnya yang berkaitan dengan eksekusi sebuah program dan pemeliharaan file.

Perintah MS-DOS diketikkan dalam sebuah jendela yang disebut Command Prompt Window. Untuk keluar dari MS-DOS, ketik exit dalam jendela tersebut yaitu pada kursor yang berkedip-kedip.

MS-DOS Mode adalah sebuah shell dimana lingkungan MS-DOS di-emulasikan dalam Sistem Operasi 32-bit, seperti Windows. Program berbasis MS-DOS dapat berjalan di Windows dan biasanya ia membuat sebuah file yang disebut Program Information File (PIF) yang muncul sebagai shortcut di desktop anda.

Berikut ini daftar perintah - perintah dari MS-DOS :

  •     APPEND : Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command. 
  •     ARP : Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices
  •     ASSIGN : Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter
  •     ASSOC : View the file associations
  •     AT : Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
  •     ATMADM : Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
  •     ATTRIB : Display and change file attributes.
  •     BATCH : NRecovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
  •     BOOTCFG : Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
  •     BREAK : Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
  •     CACLS : View and modify file ACL's.
  •     CALL : Calls a batch file from another batch file.
  •     CD : Changes directories.
  •     CHCP : Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
  •     CHDIR Changes directories.
  •     CHKDSK : Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
  •     CHKNTFS : Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
  •     CHOICE : Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
  •     CLS : Clears the screen.
  •     CMD : Opens the command interpreter.
  •     COLOR : Easily change the foreground and background color of the
  •     MS-DOS window.
  •     COMP : Compares files.
  •     COMPACT : Compresses and uncompress files.
  •     CONTROL : Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
  •     CONVERT : Convert FAT to NTFS.
  •     COPY : Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
  •     CTTY : Change the computers input/output devices.
  •     DATE : View or change the systems date.
  •     DEBUG : Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
  •     DEFRAG : Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
  •     DEL : Deletes one or more files.
  •     DELETE : Recovery console command that deletes a file.
  •     DELTREE : Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
  •     DIR : List the contents of one or more directory.
  •     DISABLE : Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
  •     DISKCOMP : Compare a disk with another disk.
  •     DISKCOPY : Copy the contents of one disk
  •     DOSKEY : Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
  •     DOSSHELL : A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
  •     DRIVPARM : Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
  •     ECHO : Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
  •     EDIT : View and edit files.
  •     EDLIN : View and edit files.
  •     EMM386 : Load extended Memory Manager.
  •     ENABLE : Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
  •     ENDLOCAL : Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
  •     ERASE : Erase files
  •     EXPAND : Expand a Microsoft Windows file back to it's original format.
  •     EXIT : Exit from the command interpreter.
  •     EXTRACT : Extract files from the Microsoft Windows cabinets.
  •     FASTHELP : Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them
  •     FC : Compare files.
  •     FDISK : Create the partitions on the hard disk drive.
  •     FIND : Search for text within a file.
  •     FINDSTR : Searches for a string of text within a file.
  •     FIXBOOT : Writes a new boot sector.
  •     FIXMBR : Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
  •     FOR : Boolean used in batch files.
  •     FORMAT : Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.
  •     FTP : Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
  •     FTYPE : Displays or modifies file types used in file extensio asociations.
  •     GOTO : Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
  •     GRAFTABL : Show extended characters in graphics mode.
  •     HELP : Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
  •     IF : Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
  •     IFSHLP.SYS : 32-bit file manager.
  •     IPCONFIG : Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
  •     KEYB : Change layout of keyboard.
  •     LABEL : Change the label of a disk drive.
  •     LH : Load a device driver in to high memory.
  •     LISTSVC : Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
  •     LOADFIX : Load a program above the first 64k.
  •     LOADHIGH : Load a device driver in to high memory.
  •     LOCK : Lock the hard disk drive.
  •     LOGON : Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
  •     MAP : Displays the device name of a drive.
  •     MD : Command to create a new directory.
  •     MEM : Display memory on system.
  •     MKDIR : Command to create a new directory.
  •     MODE : Modify the port or display settings.
  •     MORE : Display one page at a time.
  •     MOVE : Move one or more files from one directory to another DIRECTORY
  •     MSAV : Early Microsoft Virus scanner.
  •     MSD : Diagnostics utility.
  •     MSCDEX : Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
  •     NBTSTAT : Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
  •     NET : Update, fix, or view the network or network settings
  •     NETSH : Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
  •     NETSTAT : Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
  •     NLSFUNC : Load country specific information.
  •     NSLOOKUP : Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
  •     PATH : View and modify the computers path location
  •     PATHPING : View and locate locations of network latency
  •     PAUSE : command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
  •     PING : Test / send information to another network computer or network device .
  •     POPD : Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
  •     POWER : Conserve power with computer portables.
  •     PRINT : Prints data to a printer port.
  •     PROMPT : View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
  •     PUSHD : Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
  •     QBASIC : Open the QBasic.
  •     RD : Removes an empty directory.
  •     REN : Renames a file or directory.
  •     RENAME : Renames a file or directory.
  •     RMDIR : Removes an empty directory.
  •     ROUTE : View and configure windows network route tables.
  •     RUNAS : Enables a user to execute a program on another
  •     computer.
  •     SCANDISK : Run the scandisk utility.
  •     SCANREG : Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
  •     SET : Change one variable or string to another.
  •     SETLOCAL : Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
  •     SHARE : Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
  •     SETVER : Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
  •     SHIFT : Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
  •     SHUTDOWN : Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
  •     SMARTDRV : Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
  •     SORT : Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
  •     START : Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
  •     SUBST : Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
  •     SWITCHES : Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
  •     SYS : Transfer system files to disk drive.
  •     TELNET : Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
  •     TIME : View or modify the system time.
  •     TITLE : Change the title of their MS-DOS window.
  •     TRACERT : Visually view a network packets route across a network.
  •     TREE : View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
  •     TYPE : Display the contents of a file.
  •     UNDELETE : Undelete a file that has been deleted.
  •     UNFORMAT : Unformat a hard disk drive.
  •     UNLOCK : Unlock a disk drive.
  •     VER : Display the version information.
  •     VERIFY : Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
  •     VOL : Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
  •     XCOPY : Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
  •     TRUENAME : When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists
  •     TASKKILL : It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications 

Description: [TUTORIAL] Perintah - perintah DOS [Disk Operating System] | Command Line
Rating: 4.5
Reviewer: Ham JavaNet
ItemReviewed: [TUTORIAL] Perintah - perintah DOS [Disk Operating System] | Command Line

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